Are farmers being used as bait?

Agriculture Minister Gerry Ritz and Fisheries Minister Keith Ashfield seem to be using farmers as bait to
get the public to swallow the changes to the Fisheries Act included in Bill C‐38, the omnibus Budget
Implementation Act. By suggesting that the federal government is abandoning protection of fish habitat
so that farmers don’t have to deal with red tape when they maintain their irrigation ditches, they have
stretched credibility to the breaking point. And I’m sure that like me, many farmers resent the
implication that we are not interested in being good stewards of the water on the land we manage,
which is essential for healthy livestock and wholesome crops.

As soon as Bill C‐38 is passed, the Fisheries Minister will be able to allow exemptions to current habitat
protection provisions – by listing works, undertakings and activities that would be automatically exempt,
and by listing certain Canadian fisheries waters (oceans, rivers, lakes, streams) that would no longer be
protected. The Minister or Cabinet will also be able to delegate their authority to permit harm to fish
habitat to third parties. This set‐up is an invitation to industry lobbyists to push for automatic
exemptions for their projects, or to get third‐party regulator status. In other words, the fox would be
asked to guard the henhouse.

Later, the Fisheries Act will be amended to remove habitat protection altogether. Only fish that are part
of a commercial, recreational or aboriginal fishery will be protected, and only from being killed outright.
It will be okay to damage, stunt or deform them. Anyone with a bit of sense knows that you need little
fish to get big fish – so by not protecting spawning grounds or small, non‐commercial species such as
minnows, there is a real risk that even the seemingly protected commercial fisheries will be seriously
damaged as a result of this legislation.

Farm ditches and irrigation channels contain water that flows into natural water bodies, so they do form
part of the larger watershed, and it makes sense to take good care of them. Protecting the banks from
erosion, reducing contaminated run‐off, and providing cooling shade over streams improves water
quality in our recreational lakes and streams where we can swim, fish and boat with our friends and
families. Having intact fish habitat also helps with flood control and reduces the impacts of drought.

According to the Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) website archives, there have been no charges or
convictions of farmers due to improper maintenance of irrigation channels or drainage ditches. Farmers
are clearly willing and able to comply with habitat protection requirements. To make DFO’s activities
more farmer‐friendly, the government could provide more support for farmers and Fisheries Officers to
work together to come up with solutions to specific problems on individual farms. It could allocate
money to help cover the cost of stream‐side improvements. It could give courses on how to better
manage riskier operations. It could reward farmers who invent new ways to protect water on their
farms. These measures could easily be taken without changing the law. There is no conflict between
farming successfully and protecting fish.

So it looks like the line about the drainage ditches is just a red herring.

What the proposed changes to the Fisheries Act will do is speed up approval of megaprojects like the
proposed Northern Gateway pipeline by letting construction and any future spills damage or destroy
spawning grounds and feeding areas in the 600 different rivers and streams it plans to cross to bring
crude from the Alberta oil sands to the BC coast for shipping to Asia. This is the kind of development
that is being held up by “legislation that protects ditches, puddles and minor streams.”

Getting rid of red tape for farmers is not the purpose or intent of the Fisheries Act amendments. The
proposed change is designed to benefit a very few industry shareholders for a very short time. As a
farmer, I will not be used to justify their actions. The streams, lakes, rivers and oceans and the fish that
live in them were here before we were born, and it is our duty as farmers, citizens and human beings to
protect the health of our water bodies for future generations.

Op Ed by Jan Slomp. Jan Slomp holistically manages a 65‐cow dairy farm near Rimbey, Alberta, and he serves on the Board of Directors of the National Farmers Union.